Bystander action can be anything from a disapproving look to a formal report.
The key is there is action taken to call out disrespectful behaviour and reinforce the social norms that make it unacceptable. Bystander action can be taken:
- In the moment when you see or hear about the event, behaviour or practice
- After the moment when the event, behaviour or practice took place.
Taking bystander action at any time is important, because not doing anything further supports and encourages the behaviours and attitudes to exist.